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  • Gypsum resources of Spain: Temporal and spatial distribution
    OAI: open archives initiativeTipo de documento: artículoColección E-prints Colección: Archivo institucional e-prints complutense
    • Título de publicación: Ore geology reviews
    • Autor: Arribas Mocoroa, María Eugenia;Escavy Fernández, José Ignacio;Herrero Fernández, María Josefa
    • Resumen: Spain is one of the main gypsum producers in the world. Spanish gypsum reserves are large and a good knowledge of the location of the ore reserves permits to establish better exploitation strategies. Plotting the Spanish major gypsum outcrops, using a GIS base, helps to classify them by age, establish the main depositional character
    •  
    • and determine the factors controlling their origin. Evaporitic deposits from Cambrian to Quaternary are preserved throughout Spain. The evaporites are formed by chemical precipitation of natural brines, either of marine or continental origin. The oldest evaporite vestiges in the Spanish geological record have been described in carbonate materials, as gypsum and anhydrite pseudomorphs, in Cambrian deposits of the Cantabro–Iberian basin (northern Spain). The first properly identified evaporite formation in Spain is located in the Triassic deposits that characterize central and northern Europe. In Spain, evaporites of this age appear well represented in 4394.5 km2 of outcrop area in the eastern part of the Iberian Peninsula. The Lower Jurassic (covering 1068 km2 of outcrop area) and the Cretaceous (covering 706.9 km2 of outcrop area) are periods of intense evaporitic sedimentation, and outcrops appear concentrated towards central and eastern parts of the Peninsula. More recently, in the Cenozoic, numerous continental and marine basins resulted from the tectonic activity produced by the Alpine Orogeny. Here, a combination of different factors produced thick and wide evaporite accumulations (outcrop surface is 13592.7 km2). In the Quaternary, evaporitic conditions are common in Spain, including various saline lakes (covering 1092.1 km2 of outcrop area) mainly in the Ebro basin and La Mancha zone. In addition, there are many artificial marine salinas. The evaporitic conditions in a basin strongly depend on factors such as climate, tectonics and brine composition. A study of the spatial distribution and age of the gypsum-bearing units in Spain suggests a wide variation in factors controlling the origin of gypsum deposits. The Spanish evaporite precipitation from Permian to Jurassic times was controlled by global conditions such as climate. They were formed during a global warming period. On the other hand, evaporites formed from late Cretaceous to Neogene were more influenced by regional factors that were related to the tectonic activity produced by the Alpine Orogeny. At present evaporite precipitation occurs due to the endorheic character of lakes in some parts of Spain.
    • Palabras clave: Gypsum resources, GIS, Surface evaluation, Depositional factors
    • Materia: Geología
    • Identificador OAI: oai:www.ucm.es:17338
    • Tipo: Artículo
    • Editorial: Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam
    • Departamento: Fac. de CC. Geológicas - Depto. de Petrología y Geoquímica
    • ISSN: 0169-1368
    • CDU: 552.5(460)







    [Recurso visitado 28 veces]

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  • Sources and composition of fluids associated with fluorite deposits of Asturias (N Spain)
    OAI: open archives initiativeTipo de documento: artículoColección E-prints Colección: Archivo institucional e-prints complutense
    • Título de publicación: Geofluids
    • Autor: Banks, David;Cardellach, Esteve;Corbella, Mercè;Martín Crespo, Tomás;Sánchez Pérez-Cejuela, Virginia;Vindel Catena, Elena
    • Resumen: The fluorite deposits of Asturias (northern Iberian Peninsula) are hosted by rocks of Permo-Triassic and Palaeozoic age. Fluid inclusions in ore and gangue minerals show homogenization temperatures from 80 to 170C and the presence of two types of fluids: an H2O–NaCl low-salinity fluid (
    • Palabras clave: Crush-leach,
    •  
    • Fluid inclusions, Fluorite, Genetic model, LA-ICP-MS
    • Materia: Geología
    • Identificador OAI: oai:www.ucm.es:16467
    • Tipo: Artículo
    • Editorial: Blackwell Publishing
    • Departamento: Fac. de CC. Geológicas - Depto. de Cristalografía y Mineralogía (Planta 6)
    • ISSN: 1468-8115
    • CDU: 548.3(460.12)







    [Recurso visitado 14 veces]

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  • The age and origin of the barite-fluorite (Pb-Zn) veins of the Sierra del Guadarrama (Spanish Central System, Spain): a radiogenic (Nd, Sr) and stable isotope study
    OAI: open archives initiativeTipo de documento: artículoColección E-prints Colección: Archivo institucional e-prints complutense






    [Recurso visitado 22 veces]

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